Abrasion: The wearing away or cleaning by friction. Abrasion can also relate to the wearing away of a floor
finish film by friction.
Abrasive: A product that works by abrasion. Products such as cleaners, polishes, and pads may contain an abrasive.
Acid: A chemical substance with pH less than 7 that reacts with and neutralizes an alkali.
Acidity: A measure of the strength of an acid. See pH and Alkalinity.
Acrylic: Type of polymer used in floor finishes. Also, a man: made synthetic fiber used in spun yarn to resemble wool in carpet
Active Ingredients: The ingredients in a product that are specifically designed to achieve the product performance objectives
Acute Toxicity: The short-term toxicity of a product in a single dose.Can be divided into oral, cutaneous, and respiratory toxicities.
Adhesion: A necessary characteristic of a floor finish, which causes it to bond to the floor rather than peel, flake or powder.
Adsorption: Adsorption is a surface phenomenon that some products exhibit, whereby they form a
physicochemical bond with substances. Not to be confused with absorption.
Aerobic Bacteria: Bacteria that requires oxygen. Pseudomonas is an example.
Aerosol Spray: A means of atomizing liquids by propelling them from a pressurized container by a soluble gas
Air Pollution Potential: Products may contain volatile organic compounds (VOC). When these products are used, the VOCs may escape to the atmosphere and react to form smog. Smog and other atmospheric pollutants have been shown to cause irritation of the eyes, nose,
Acute Effect: Adverse effect on a human or animal that has severe symptoms developing rapidly and coming
Quick to crisis. See also CHRONIC, throat, lungs, and cause asthma attacks. Many state and local authorities have restrictions on the use of VOCs. This issue can also be a problem with indoor air from chemicals including cleaning products.